Five Other Diagnostic Tests For Your Cat or Dog Your Vet May Do
If your dog or cat has an ear infection that simply isn’t getting better, a bladder problem, an abscess, eye infection, skin disease or many other possible infectious problems. Well, obviously you and your neighbor don’t have a choice but to take your respective pets to the friendly veterinarian, who will conduct a series of tests on them. We discuss some of these tests, such as, Bacterial Culture, Ringworm Culture, Cytology, Fine Needle Aspirate, Electrocardiogram. Read on!
A Bacterial Culture test determines whether your pet’s illness is because of a certain bacterial infection. It identifies the bacterial type, and helps reach a decision on which antibiotic would be best suited to destroy the bacteria. The veterinarian may ask for a sample of your pet’s blood, urine, pus, a discharge or body fluids and carry out a detailed examination of the culture. These things are removed with the help of a cotton tip applicator and then smeared on a glass, which is then analyzed by a microscope. This is then followed by a Sensitivity Test, where the bacteria are grown and kept isolated and then deeply examined, subjected to antibiotics, to identify which medication would work best against them.
Have you noticed lately red rings appearing on your pet dog or cat’s skin? This is serious and warrants an immediate visit to the vet, who will do a Ringworm Culture test on your pet. Ringworm is a fungal growth on your pet’s skin, nails or hair, which causes ugliness of the skin, severe hair loss, deformation of the claws, and so has to be treated as quickly as possible. Ringworm Culture test involves gently scraping the skin of your pet with a scalpel blade, to remove an adequate number of skin tissues for a detailed examination. Hair samples may also be taken. It usually takes 2 days to arrive at a conclusion about the infection and derive a proper medication for your pet.
Cytology is a test used to examine your pet’s blood cells and tissue closely using a microscope. The idea is to determine the presence of an infection or inflammation because of bacteria, parasites, fungi. Even cancer can be detected well in advance using Cytology. To do a Cytology test, either a scalpel blade is used to scrape the affected area and remove some sample tissues, or a needle is inserted to remove body fluid samples for a detailed microscopic examination. Cytology is followed by much more detailed diagnostic tests, particularly in cases where cancer, in particular skin cancer, is suspected.
Fine Needle Aspiration:
Has an ugly, ominous looking lump or bump appeared on your pet dog or cat’s body? Normally, these lumps and bumps are because of a sudden bacterial or fungal growth. This is definitely a cause for concern, enough for you to immediately take your pet to the nearest veterinarian. The vet will conduct a Fine Needle Aspiration on your pet, which involves an incision of a fine needle, with a syringe attached to it, into the affected area and removing an adequate amount of cells for a close and detailed examination under a microscope. It is possible that your pet will be given a small dose of anesthesia before the insertion of the needle as pets are terrified of this and may react violently. So it’s important to have your pet calmed down or put to sleep for a short while before carrying out the fine needle aspiration.
If your pet cat or dog has picked up a problem of fainting or falling unconscious of late, this may be a cause for concern. Your Vet will order a diagnostic test called electrocardiogram or EKG on it. EKG is a noninvasive test, is done by attaching tiny electrodes to the chest and limbs of your pet, after subjecting it to anesthesia, and is used to record the electrical activity of its heart, which in turn is printed on a paper using a technologically highly advanced electrocardiograph system. It is used to detect any abnormality of the heart, such as abnormal heart beats, an enlargement of the heart and to determine how your pet’s heart reacts to a certain drug.